TRANSCRIPT - Miya Hawa
Hawa is a Coastal Fisherwoman in Tumbol Ko Li Bong, Amphur
Jao Mai, Trang Province, Thailand.
What is the advantage of the mangrove to the fisheries community?
has benefits of being a natural purified area and spawning ground
for marine species. Fishermen use mangrove as the protecting fishing
ground during the monsoon season. We rely on mangrove.
What do you think about shrimp farming? Has it destroyed
were destroyed by shrimp farming. Most of the shrimp farms located
next to the mangroves have land titles only in the upper area but
not in the lower area where there are mangroves. Most shrimp farms
in every area take part in mangrove destruction. The discharge from
shrimp farms creates degradation of the mangroves and impacts the
spawning ground of marine species.
What is the benefit of shrimp farming to the economy of
has no benefit at all because it is so destructive. It creates some
jobs, like working in the shrimp farms, but most workers are foreigners.
They are mostly Mynmar people, not Thai, because they are hired
at lower wages. I think the community has not gained anything from
the existence of shrimp farms. Shrimp culture system uses all material
from outside of the community likes drugs and feed. They use pellet
feed and do not use or buy any fish from the community. They have
never bought anything from the community. I think it is much better
to keep mangrove than to have shrimp farming.
Do you think that consumers in USA, Europe, or Japan should
know about the shrimp culture and its impact to nature?
essential that consumers have knowledge. They should know what we
have to lose when they consume those shrimp. The exported shrimp
sometimes contains drug or chemicals. The cost for shrimp production
is very high. It is not worth it for the investment. We need to
let the consumers know how much they destroy. The countries that
raise shrimp are similar to the undeveloped countries. Their soil
and water will be degraded. That will be a tragedy. The consumers
should know about the problem.
Do you have friends living in the eastern coast? There are
more shrimp farms on that coast. What do you think about the fishing
on the different coasts?
I am originally
from Nakorn Sri Thammarat and I visited the eastern coast such as
Ranot, Songkhla, Nakorn Sri Thammarat. There are a lot of changes
from that former time. When I moved to Andaman, I had a chance to
go back to visit Nakorn Sri Thammarat, the area that once had a
fertile mangrove. After shrimp farming expanded to Nakorn Sri Thammarat
just five or six years ago, the area was changed and looks like
a desert. In regards to fishing between Andaman and the eastern
shore, since I am a member of the federation (Southern Fisher Folk
Federation), many people claim that fishing is still fertile in
Andaman Sea and the reason is because we have more mangroves.
Do you want to add anything?
I want to remind
all organizations dealing with mangroves to give more attention
to the mangrove. From my experience, everything that develops in
the mangrove is not worthwhile, for example shrimp farming and fishing
pier. We should conserve the mangrove in order to keep the way of
life for the fishermen.